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Held in TrustWaqf in the Islamic World$
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Pascale Gazaleh

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9789774163937

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774163937.001.0001

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Zawiyat Sidi al-Ghazi: Survival of a Traditional Religious Institution

Zawiyat Sidi al-Ghazi: Survival of a Traditional Religious Institution

(p.121) 5 Zawiyat Sidi al-Ghazi: Survival of a Traditional Religious Institution
Held in Trust

John A. Shoup

American University in Cairo Press

The zawiya, or hospice, of Sidi al-Ghazi in the Tafilalt is one of the most important in the western part of the Sahara. It figures among the six most important of those located along the northern fringe of the Sahara. The founder of the zawiya, Sidi Abu al-Qasim al-Ghazi, was a member of the Sharifian Idrisi family and a direct descendant of the early Idrisi Sufi leader, ‘Abd al-Salam ibn Mashish. This chapter examines a process where both the Moroccan government's support for certain shrines and the ability of rural economies to withstand external pressures have meant the difference between survival and extinction for some waqfs. In some ways, it shows the reversal of trends noted by ‘Abd al-Mu’ti and Ibrahim for the eighteenth century, with an increasingly powerful central state asserting its authority over regional religious centers.

Keywords:   zawiya, Sidi al-Ghazi, Sharifian Idrisi, waqfs, central state

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