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Held in TrustWaqf in the Islamic World$
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Pascale Gazaleh

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9789774163937

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774163937.001.0001

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Dervishes, Waqfs, and Conquest: Notes on Early Ottoman Expansion in Thrace

Dervishes, Waqfs, and Conquest: Notes on Early Ottoman Expansion in Thrace

Chapter:
(p.23) 1 Dervishes, Waqfs, and Conquest: Notes on Early Ottoman Expansion in Thrace
Source:
Held in Trust
Author(s):
Riza Yildirim
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774163937.003.0002

This chapter presents a case study of waqf as a vector and anchor of expansion in the early years of the Ottoman Empire. By investigating the example of one dervish, and the waqf with which he was associated, this chapter shows how closely military and religious imperatives were intertwined during a crucial period of dynamism and change for the fledgling Ottoman dynasty. After a brief overview of the early Ottoman conquest of Thrace and the Balkans, this chapter attempts to locate the role of Seyyid Ali Sultan and his waqf in the bigger picture of early Ottoman conquest and colonization of Eastern Europe. The classical Islamic institution of waqf, combined with the establishment of dervish hospices, played an essential role in the process of Ottoman expansion and consolidation, as illustrated by the cases of Seyyid Ali Sultan and Seyyid Rüstem Ghazi in this chapter.

Keywords:   Ottoman Empire, Thrace, Balkans, Seyyid Ali Sultan, dervish hospices

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