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The Foreign Policies of Arab StatesThe Challenge of Globalization$
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Bahgat Korany and Ali E. Hillal Dessouki

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9789774163609

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774163609.001.0001

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From Fragmentation to Fragmentation?: Sudan's Foreign Policy

From Fragmentation to Fragmentation?: Sudan's Foreign Policy

(p.397) 11 From Fragmentation to Fragmentation?: Sudan's Foreign Policy
The Foreign Policies of Arab States

Bahgat Korany

Ali E. Hillal Dessouki

American University in Cairo Press

The Sudan presents a case of a country with a fragmented society, a political system that has little legitimacy, an impoverished and skewed economy, and internal actors who challenge the regime's right to rule and seek to transform the political system by force. Fragmentation and instability result in sharply fluctuating and highly contested foreign policy orientations and continual challenges to governments' foreign policy objectives. Most importantly, foreign policy is crafted and executed in the context of global and regional forces that provide both opportunities and constraints. It is evident that, in the Sudan, internal conflicts, regional relations, and global orientations are closely interwoven. They feed on each other, heighten each other, and constrain each other. A shift in one of the three levels impacts the other levels.

Keywords:   Middle East, North Africa, Sudanese regimes, internal conflicts, secession

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