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The Arab National Project in Youssef Chahine's Cinema$
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Malek Khouri

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9789774163548

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774163548.001.0001

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Religious Fundamentalism and the Power of History

Religious Fundamentalism and the Power of History

Chapter:
(p.167) 9 Religious Fundamentalism and the Power of History
Source:
The Arab National Project in Youssef Chahine's Cinema
Author(s):

Malek Khouri

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774163548.003.0009

Arab intellectuals begam voicing their opposition to the extremist religious agenda as fundamentalism gathered momentum. Islamic fundamentalism had a direct effect on intellectual and cultural life in the film production center of the Arab world—Egypt. The development of Islamic fundamentalism in the early and mid-twentieth century ran parallel to attempts to establish a modernist united secular state in the Arab world. Filmmakers in Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria in particular presented strong cinematic polemics against fundamentalist practices and ideology. Chahine's Destiny marked a major attempt to counter the rise of religious fundamentalism. The film's plot reclaims the philosopher's story via a self-reflexive rendering of historical dichotomies between conservative forces and ideas and proponents of intellectual and social progress. The film concomitantly makes a statement against dogmatic religious repression in contemporary Arab and Muslim societies.

Keywords:   fundamentalism, Tunisia, ideology, dichotomies, progress

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