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The Changing Middle EastA New Look at Regional Dynamics$
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Bahgat Korany

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9789774163531

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774163531.001.0001

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Continuity and Change in Islamist Political Thought and Behavior: the Transformations of Armed Islamist Movements in Egypt and Algeria

Continuity and Change in Islamist Political Thought and Behavior: the Transformations of Armed Islamist Movements in Egypt and Algeria

Chapter:
(p.139) 6 Continuity and Change in Islamist Political Thought and Behavior: the Transformations of Armed Islamist Movements in Egypt and Algeria
Source:
The Changing Middle East
Author(s):

Bahgat Korany

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774163531.003.0007

The “historical leadership” in July 1997, of al-Jama'a al-Islamiya — the largest armed Islamist movement in Egypt during the 1980s and 1990s — declared a unilateral ceasefire. The declaration ran against the group's traditionally militant literature, the previous vows of its leaders to continue armed struggle until the Mubarak regime had been toppled, and the increasingly violent tactics used by IG affiliates since the late 1970s. The phenomenon of deradicalization has not been confined to Egypt and Algeria, nor has it been confined to the Middle East. It took place in several other countries, albeit on a relatively smaller scale. Additionally, deradicalization processes and programs have influenced several British and other European Islamist leaders (Ashour 2009, 14–18).

Keywords:   ceasefire, militant, Mubarak, deradicalization, Islamist movement, Egypt, Algeria, al-Jama'a al-Islamiya

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