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Amarna SunsetNefertiti, Tutankhamun, Ay, Horemheb, and the Egyptian
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Aidan Dodson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9789774163043

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774163043.001.0001

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The Northern Problem

The Northern Problem

(p.53) 3 The Northern Problem
Amarna Sunset

Aidan Dodson

American University in Cairo Press

During the reign of Akhenaten, Egypt was one of those who had great powers in the ancient world and was a key node in the complex of diplomatic links. Late in his reign, Egypt attacked Qadesh — the key city of northern Syria. When Hittie king, Shuppiluliumash I, seized the throne before Akhenaten's accession, he consolidated his power on Anatolia and began to flex his muscle on the south. Shuppiluliumash started the “Great Syrian War” as an answer to the attack of Tushratta and his army on Hatti's north Syrian ally, Nukhashshe. Hitties conquered Isuwa and entered Mitanni, and they conquered all various Mitannian vassal cities in northern Syria. Qadesh was also taken into the Hittie sphere after its ruler foolishly attacked Shuppiluliumash's forces. Although already at this stage of success in the part of Shuppiluliumash's forces, they never planned to attack Egyptian possessions.

Keywords:   Egypt, Akhenaten, Qadesh, Hittie, Shuppiluliumash I, Great Syrian War, Tushratta, Nukhashshe, Isuwa, Mitanni

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