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Babylon of EgyptThe Archaeology of Old Cairo and the Origins of the City$
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Peter Sheehan

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9789774162992

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774162992.001.0001

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The River of Trajan

The River of Trajan

(p.35) Chapter 2 The River of Trajan
Babylon of Egypt

Peter Sheehan

American University in Cairo Press

Trajan's reign has been characterized as one of reforms generated by a visionary speculation that conceived of a unified political and military system for the Roman empire. Trajan constituted a defining moment in the making of Old Cairo and the topography of the entire city of Cairo. He built a harbor stone and incorporated the entrance to a great canal, which he named after himself, Amnis Traianus. This canal linked the Nile to the Red Sea and opened a direct trade route between Mediterranean and the East. The origins of Trajan's canal lie in a much earlier Holocene eastern branch channel of the Nile that flowed through the Wadi Tumilat toward the depression of Lake Timsah.

Keywords:   Trajan, Old Cairo, Roman empire, Nile, canal, Amnis Traianus, topography, Red Sea, trade route

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