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Cairo ContestedGovernance, Urban Space, and Global Modernity$
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Diane Singerman

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9789774162886

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774162886.001.0001

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Economic Liberalization and Union Struggles in Cairo

Economic Liberalization and Union Struggles in Cairo

(p.331) 12 Economic Liberalization and Union Struggles in Cairo
Cairo Contested

Diane Singerman

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter provides a discussion on the economic liberalization and union struggles in Cairo. It begins by presenting the transformation from labor opposition to public sector reform. It also deals with the workers confronting structural adjustment policies. The number of labor protest actions, and strikes in particular, rose steadily over the course of the 1990s. The new decade saw the emergence of a new wave of protest fueled by both the political and economic stagnation at home and the international situation in the region. Since the mid-1970s, Egypt has been attempting with varying degrees of commitment to move away from its state-led development model toward a greater reliance on market mechanisms. During the 1990s, a new phase of structural adjustment policies began and the Egyptian regime became more concerned about integrating the Egyptian economy into the global marketplace.

Keywords:   Cairo, economic liberalization, union, public sector reform, Egyptian economy, labor protest, strikes

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