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Christianity and Monasticism in Wadi al-NatrunEssays from the 2002 International Symposium of the Saint Mark Foundation and the Saint Shenouda the Archimandrite Coptic Society$
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Maged S.A. Mikhail and Mark Moussa

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9789774162602

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774162602.001.0001

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Wadi Natrun in Geologic History

Wadi Natrun in Geologic History

(p.63) Wadi Natrun in Geologic History
Christianity and Monasticism in Wadi al-Natrun

Maged S.A. Mikhail

Mark Moussa

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter looks at the geological environment of Wadi Natrun that made it possible to establish and sustain such a vibrant community in that part of the Western Desert of Egypt. The geological history of Wadi Natrun is written in its rocks. It can be read by examining these rocks, putting them in chronological order and attempting to decipher the environment in which they were formed. The survey of the geological history of Wadi Natrun shows that the wadi lies at the confluence of two great groundwater reservoirs: the older Moghra reservoir of non-renewable fossil water and the more recent present-day Nile reservoir of renewable source of water. A table of the major events is presented, which led to the evolution of the present-day Wadi Natrun. The years are marked in the millions.

Keywords:   Wadi Natrun, geological history, rocks, Egypt, Western Desert, Moghra reservoir, Nile reservoir

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