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Christianity and Monasticism in Wadi al-NatrunEssays from the 2002 International Symposium of the Saint Mark Foundation and the Saint Shenouda the Archimandrite Coptic Society$
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Maged S.A. Mikhail and Mark Moussa

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9789774162602

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774162602.001.0001

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On the Architecture at Wādī Al-natrūn

On the Architecture at Wādī Al-natrūn

(p.159) On the Architecture at Wādī Al-natrūn
Christianity and Monasticism in Wadi al-Natrun

Maged S.A. Mikhail

Mark Moussa

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter provides an overall survey of the architectural features found in the excavations of the monastic settlements in Wādī al-Naṭrūn, including the recent excavations at the Monastery of St. John the Little. Some geographical facts of the Wādī al-Naṭrūn are made clear, and then it enters into the descriptions of other monk cells. The first monastic settlement in the region was founded in the area now occupied by the Monastery of Baramūs or “Monastery of the Romans” (nrwmeoc), as it appears in Coptic sources. There are also some remarkable facts in Wādī al-Naṭrūn related to the churches. It appears that the introduction of the khūrus into Egyptian church architecture is directly connected with the personality of the Patriarch Benjamin.

Keywords:   Wādī al-Naṭrūn, Egyptian church architecture, monastic settlements, Monastery of St. John the Little, excavations, khūrus, Patriarch Benjamin

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