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Creswell Photographs Re-examinedNew Perspectives on Islamic Architecture$
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Bernard O'Kane

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9789774162442

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774162442.001.0001

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The Madrasa of Umm al-Sultan Sha‘ban before and after Creswell

The Madrasa of Umm al-Sultan Sha‘ban before and after Creswell

(p.99) 4 The Madrasa of Umm al-Sultan Sha‘ban before and after Creswell
Creswell Photographs Re-examined

Dina Ishak Bakhoum

American University in Cairo Press

Creswell photographically documented the fourteenth-century madrasa of Khwand Baraka, the mother of Sultan Sha'ban, hence the currently used name, “the madrasa of Umm al-Sultan Sha'ban.” The madrasa of Umm al-Sultan Sha'ban is located on al-Tabbana Street, between Bab Zuwayla and the Citadel. According to the foundation inscription and other inscriptions in the building, it was built in 770/1368–69 by Sultan Sha'ban for his mother Khwand Baraka. The building has undergone various architectural changes through the centuries. Creswell took several photographs documenting the exterior of the madrasa. The interior of the prayer area of the madrasa has a cruciform plan, with four iwans and an open courtyard. Creswell's photographs of the madrasa of Umm al-Sultan Sha'ban recorded the building at a moment of its new history, namely in the early twentieth century after the Comite's restorations.

Keywords:   Sultan Sha'ban, Khwand Baraka, madrasa, photographs, Creswell

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