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Bedouins by the LakeEnvironment, Change, and Sustainability in Southern Egypt$
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Ahmed Belal and John Briggs

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9789774161988

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774161988.001.0001

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Wadi Allaqi: The People and the Pressure for Conservation

Wadi Allaqi: The People and the Pressure for Conservation

(p.9) 1 Wadi Allaqi: The People and the Pressure for Conservation
Bedouins by the Lake

Ahmed Belal

John Briggs

Joanne Sharp

Irina Springuel

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter introduces the people of the wadi and the concept and reality of the Wadi Allaqi Biosphere Reserve. Wadi Allaqi is the largest wadi of the southern part of the Eastern Desert of Egypt, originating in the Red Sea Hills some 200 kilometers to the southeast of where it meets the Nile valley. Before the Aswan High Dam was built, Wadi Allaqi was a dry wadi for all its length. The impoundment of water behind the High Dam led to the creation of an arm of Lake Nasser extending southeastwards some 80–100 kilometers into the lower part of Wadi Allaqi. This essentially created a major new resource opportunity—water—for the Bedouin of the area. Wadi Allaqi has a range of potential resources that has attracted a number of outsiders including major quarrying and agricultural interests and fishermen. These factors add up to significant pressures on the ecology of Wadi Allaqi. As a consequence, the area was formally designated as a Biosphere Reserve in 1993 within the UNESCO Man and Biosphere Program.

Keywords:   Aswan High Dam, Wadi Allaqi Biosphere Reserve, wadi, Bedouins, UNESCO, water resources, Lake Nasser

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