Yuhanna al-Armani is an icon painter whose paintings still adorn a number of churches in Old Cairo. Yet, curiously enough, he is often credited with being behind a revival in Coptic religious art in the eighteenth century. He belonged to Cairo's Armenian community, a community with ancient roots in Cairo, which was sufficiently well integrated into Egyptian society that one of its members could become a leading painter of Coptic icons. This chapter attempts to sketch a biography of Yuhanna al-Armani. Needless to say, Yuhanna's icons, the body of work he produced, remain an important source of information on the man and his times. By taking into consideration the works he painted and the archival material deriving from various sources, one can tie the concrete cultural production to the social and economic conditions of the eighteenth century.
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