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The Coptic Papacy in Islamic Egypt (641–1517)The Popes of Egypt: A History of the Coptic Church and Its Patriarchs Volume 2$
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Mark N. Swanson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9789774160936

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774160936.001.0001

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Chaos and Glory

Chaos and Glory

Nineteen-year vacancy (1216–1235)

Cyril III ibn Laqlaq (#75, 1235–1243)

Seven-year vacancy (1243–1250)

(p.83) Six Chaos and Glory
The Coptic Papacy in Islamic Egypt (641–1517)

Mark N. Swanson

American University in Cairo Press

Egypt had come to enjoy generally peaceful and prosperous times under the Ayyubid sultan al-Malik al-'Adil, while his son al-Malik al-Kamil, who was the effective ruler of Egypt, had already in John's days shown himself to be a just ruler who would not allow the Copts to be scapegoated or victimized. Throughout Egypt, monks and lay scholars were either beginning to write in Arabic, or were receiving the formation and reading the books not only the Bible and patristic works, but also Arabic Christian texts from Iraq and Syria that would enable intensive literary activity in the middle decades of the century. As Patriarch John and many other Copts of the day understood the matter, that was the position of the trouble-maker—and Melkite turncoat—Marqus ibn al-Qunbar.

Keywords:   Ayyubid, patristic, Syria, trouble-maker, turncoat

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