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The Coptic Papacy in Islamic Egypt (641–1517)The Popes of Egypt: A History of the Coptic Church and Its Patriarchs Volume 2$
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Mark N. Swanson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9789774160936

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774160936.001.0001

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Four Saints and Sinners

Four Saints and Sinners

Michael(Kha'il) III (#56,880–907)

Gabriel I(#57,909–920)

Cosmas III(#58,920–932)

Macarius I (#59,932–952)

Theophanius (#60,952–956)

Menas II(#61,956–974)

Abraham(Afraham Ibn Zur‘ah) (#62,975–978)


Zacharias (#64,1004–1032)

Shenoute II(#65,1032–1046)

(p.43) Four Saints and Sinners
The Coptic Papacy in Islamic Egypt (641–1517)

Mark N. Swanson

American University in Cairo Press

A deposed and vengeful bishop, Bishop Michael led Ibn Tulun believed that the patriarch had vast wealth. He had little to say about the patriarch's twenty-eight years in office. It may also be indicative of a situation in which much of the decision-making power in the Church lay not with the patriarch but elsewhere—with wealthy and well-connected lay notables, or with a few particularly powerful bishops. There was some consternation among the bishops when they discovered that the holy monk they had elevated to the patriarchate in fact had a wife, but eventually they were reassured by her testimony to his holiness. It was during Menas' patriarchate that severe and protracted famine led to the depopulation and consolidation of some bishoprics.

Keywords:   wealth, bishops, holiness, patriarchate, bishoprics

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