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QuseirAn Ottoman and Napoleonic Fortress on the Red Sea Coast of
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Charles Le Quesne

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9789774160097

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774160097.001.0001

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Late Ottoman Occupation (Eighteenth Century)

Late Ottoman Occupation (Eighteenth Century)

(p.87) 4 Late Ottoman Occupation (Eighteenth Century)

Charles Le Quesne

American University in Cairo Press

While the primary architecture of Quseir Fort, particularly the defenses, is very distinctive, it is much harder to recognize subsequent changes until the Napoleonic period. The evidence from the excavation backs this up, in particular that from Trench B. Patching is no longer in evidence because of the major restoration work carried out by France and in the nineteenth century under Muhammad 'Ali. The Napoleonic manuscript plan, for example, indicates that the outer face of the northwestern defenses had been completely robbed away before the French added a new face. The remaining section of Ottoman masonry is extremely eroded as the result of four hundred years of constant exposure to the scouring effects of the year-round north wind. The issue becomes more complex because there is cartographic evidence, backed up by circumstantial archaeological evidence, that there were buildings in Quseir Fort's courtyard by the late eighteenth century.

Keywords:   Napoleonic period, excavation, Trench B, patching, Muhammad 'Ali, defenses, masonry, Quseir Fort, architecture, France

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