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QuseirAn Ottoman and Napoleonic Fortress on the Red Sea Coast of
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Charles Le Quesne

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9789774160097

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774160097.001.0001

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Introduction and Background

Introduction and Background

(p.1) 1 Introduction and Background

Charles Le Quesne

American University in Cairo Press

As a piece of archaeological research, the work carried out at Quseir Fort is unusual because it examines evidence from the events of the last 450 years, the modern era, by Egyptian archaeological standards. The investigations of American Research Center in Egypt have demonstrated the value of archaeological techniques in such a relatively recent context. Interpretation of the archaeological remains of the fort has been made very much easier thanks to historical evidence. A number of key documents came to light during and after the archaeological investigations: of particular importance are the Ottoman foundation firman of 1571 and a series of Napoleonic plans of the fort. The French plans throw much light on the original form of the Ottoman fort, the extensive damage caused by an intense naval bombardment from two British warships in 1799, and the major reconstruction of the defenses undertaken by the Napoleonic occupying force.

Keywords:   archaeological remains, Quseir Fort, American Research Center, firman, Napoleonic plans, Ottoman fort, Egypt

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