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Hanna, N. (2014-11-15). Artisans, Spies, and Manufacturers: Eighteenth-century Transfers of Technology from the Ottoman Empire to France. In Ottoman Egypt and the Emergence of the Modern World: 1500-1800. : American University in Cairo Press. Retrieved 27 Jun. 2022, from https://cairo.universitypressscholarship.com/view/10.5743/cairo/9789774166648.001.0001/upso-9789774166648-chapter-4.