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The Esna Monasteries: Dayr al-Shuhada and Dayr al-Fakhuri

The Esna Monasteries: Dayr al-Shuhada and Dayr al-Fakhuri

Chapter:
(p.225) 20 The Esna Monasteries: Dayr al-Shuhada and Dayr al-Fakhuri
Source:
Christianity and Monasticism in Upper Egypt
Author(s):
Gawdat GabraHany N. Takla
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774163111.003.0020

Dayr al-Shuhada and Dayr al-Fakhuri's churches are best known for their wall paintings. Travelers since the seventeenth century have left their impressions and accounts in journals and publications. Dayr al-Shuhada, the Monastery of the Martyrs, is situated about five kilometers to the southwest of Esna. It is also called the Monastery of St. Ammonios and the Martyrs (Dayr Manawus wa Shuhada). While Dayr al-Fakhuri is situated about nine kilometers north of Esna, near the village of Asfun. The name “al-Fakhuri” (the potter) is obscure. The monastery is dedicated to St. Matthew the Poor. Both monastic churches contain an interesting, although incomplete, painting scheme. The quality of the remaining paintings and the iconographical detail presents good reason for conservation and fresh study.

Keywords:   wall paintings, Esna, Dayr al-Shuhada, Dayr al-Fakhuri, monastic churches, monasteries

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