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The Portrait of Apa Abraham of Hermonthis

The Portrait of Apa Abraham of Hermonthis

(p.211) 19 The Portrait of Apa Abraham of Hermonthis
Christianity and Monasticism in Upper Egypt
Gawdat GabraHany N. Takla
American University in Cairo Press

Apa Abraham was the fourteenth bishop of the diocese of Hermonthis. He was first a monk in the Monastery of Apa Phoibammon (Dayr Apa Phoibammon), which is located at a remote site between Armant and Madinat Habu and lay west of Qurna, about five miles from the west bank of the Nile. The new Monastery of Apa Phoibammon, which also served as an episcopal see, was integrated into the upper terrace of the temple of Queen Hatshepsut at Western Thebes, close to the Christian settlement Jeme. A portrait of a bishop called Abraham is preserved in the Museum for Byzantine Art in Berlin. It is one of the most prominent and frequently published icons from Christian Egypt, dating to the period before the Arab invasion and before iconoclasm affected the Byzantine world.

Keywords:   Apa Abraham, Hermonthis, monastery, Apa Phoibammon, Queen Hatshepsut, Western Thebes, Christian Egypt

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