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Christianity and Monasticism in the Fayoum OasisEssays from the 2004 International Symposium of the Saint Mark Foundation and the Saint Shenouda the Archimandrite Coptic Society in Honor of Martin Krause$
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Gawdat Gabra

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9789774248924

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774248924.001.0001

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Fayoum Portraits and their Influence on the First Coptic Icons

Fayoum Portraits and their Influence on the First Coptic Icons

Chapter:
(p.247) 21 Fayoum Portraits and their Influence on the First Coptic Icons
Source:
Christianity and Monasticism in the Fayoum Oasis
Author(s):

Gawdat Gabra

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774248924.003.0021

This chapter examines the portraits in the Fayoum Oasis in Egypt made in the funerary context and investigates their influence on the first Coptic icons. The Fayoum paintings, usually encaustic, sometimes tempera, show the subject's head and shoulders on a thin wooden board, and are held in place on the mummy with bandages, like the plaster portraits. The composition is always surrounded with small scenes or motifs of an Egyptian type. This chapter provides relevant photographs.

Keywords:   portraits, funerary paintings, Fayoum Oasis, Egypt, encaustic painting, tempera paintings, Coptic icons

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