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Divine CreaturesAnimal Mummies in Ancient Egypt$
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Salima Ikram

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9789774248580

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774248580.001.0001

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The Cult and Necropolis of the Sacred Ram at Mendes

The Cult and Necropolis of the Sacred Ram at Mendes

Chapter:
(p.164) 7 The Cult and Necropolis of the Sacred Ram at Mendes
Source:
Divine Creatures
Author(s):

Susan Redford

Donald B. Redford

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774248580.003.0007

Since the dawn of Egyptian history, the roster of numina worshiped in the territory of the sixteenth township of Lower Egypt has always featured ram and fish at the head. Together the two animals indicate the probable subsistence base of the human community in this part of Egypt. The fish (schilby) became the symbol and emblem of the township; but the ram dominated the city as “Lord of the Abiding Place (Ddt).” While Mendes is seldom mentioned in the Pyramid Texts, the Coffin Texts contain some theologically significant references to the town and its god. A prominent theme depends upon the homophony of ba/b3, “ram,” and bai/b3j, “hypostatic projection of identity and power.” Possibly through the mediacy of Andjety, “the shepherd” and his association with Osiris, the latter was brought to Mendes, where he is said to be “pure,” and commands the respect of the “lords of ‘Anpet”.

Keywords:   Egyptian history, ram, fish, Mendes, Osiris

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