Epidemiological data did not actually demonstrate a clear statistical correlation between a household's lack of an individual water connection or sewerage and the likelihood that household members would be infected with schistosomiasis. Studies of exposure behavior at canals within the built-up areas of the village showed that groups of males and females occupied separate sites on the canal banks and carried out gender distinct tasks. Women had their own good reasons for continuing domestic activities in village canals. Exploration of the scientific knowledge about schistosomiasis in Egypt, and in other endemic areas, indicated that an understanding of gendered human behavior was not built into biomedical or epidemiological studies. Environmental control is essentially preventive, and requires collaboration between the MOH and various other government ministries concerned with irrigation, agriculture, and water supply.
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