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Nasser's Blessed MovementEgypt's Free Officers and the July RevolutionWith a New Introduction$
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Joel Gordon

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167782

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167782.001.0001

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"A Pragmatic March toward Democracy"?

"A Pragmatic March toward Democracy"?

Chapter:
(p.191) Conclusion "A Pragmatic March toward Democracy"?
Source:
Nasser's Blessed Movement
Author(s):

Joel Gordon

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774167782.003.0012

This book has examined how the Free Officers were able to seize and consolidate power, topple the parliamentary regime, and put in place a new political order with them at the helm. It has shown that the erosion of liberalism in Egypt caused turmoil which in turn sparked clamors for drastic social and political reform. This created a situation that was exploited by the officers to stage a coup d'etat, and the military regime they established received support from the public and the intelligentsia. The officers initially refused to call their movement a revolution, and instead called themselves the “blessed movement.” They eventually declared their movement a revolution in early 1953; it was described by Anwar al-Sadat two years later as a “pragmatic march toward democracy.” This conclusion discusses the legacy of Nasser and Nasserism in Egyptian politics.

Keywords:   coup d'etat, Free Officers, Egypt, political reform, military regime, intelligentsia, Command Council of the Revolution, Anwar al-Sadat, democracy, Nasserism

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