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Nasser's Blessed MovementEgypt's Free Officers and the July RevolutionWith a New Introduction$
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Joel Gordon

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167782

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167782.001.0001

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"The Great Deception"

"The Great Deception"

Chapter:
(p.92) 5 "The Great Deception"
Source:
Nasser's Blessed Movement
Author(s):

Joel Gordon

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774167782.003.0006

This chapter examines how the relations between the military junta and its allies, particularly communists and the Muslim Brotherhood, deteriorated. The Democratic Movement for National Liberation (DMNL), the largest and least doctrinaire communist movement in Egypt, and Muslim Brotherhood had collaborated with the Free Officers and played significant supporting roles in their coup. The officers were thus confronted with two crucial questions: First, what debt, if any, did they owe their allies? Second, what ideological influence would these movements exert on the course of social and political reform? The chapter shows that the Free Officers gradually distanced themselves from the Muslim Brotherhood and abruptly turned on the communists. It considers the Command Council of the Revolution's (CCR) decision to outlaw the Muslim Brotherhood as well as its campaign against communism. It argues that the CCR's relations with the Muslim Brotherhood and the communist movements were influenced more by power politics than by ideology.

Keywords:   military junta, communists, Muslim Brotherhood, national liberation, Free Officers, Command Council of the Revolution, communism, communist movements, power politics, Egypt

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