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Nasser's Blessed MovementEgypt's Free Officers and the July RevolutionWith a New Introduction$
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Joel Gordon

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167782

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167782.001.0001

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"The People's Army"

"The People's Army"

Chapter:
(p.39) 2 "The People's Army"
Source:
Nasser's Blessed Movement
Author(s):

Joel Gordon

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774167782.003.0003

This chapter examines the extent to which the Free Officers formed a political ethos that inclined them toward intervention in civilian politics during the conspiratorial stage. The Free Officers' movement was the culmination of a dramatic political reorientation among the officer corps between 1936 and 1952. They represented the generation that turned away from the political establishment and rejected the leadership of its elders. The soldier's relationship to his country, to his people, to his commanding officers and king gave the young officers a particular perspective on the decay of the liberal order. This chapter first provides a historical background on the Egyptian military before discussing the organization of the Free Officers, along with its political activism, developing ideology, and ties to the Muslim Brotherhood.

Keywords:   civilian politics, Free Officers, Egyptian military, ideology, Muslim Brotherhood, political activism, liberal order

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