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Nasser's Blessed MovementEgypt's Free Officers and the July RevolutionWith a New Introduction$
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Joel Gordon

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167782

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167782.001.0001

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"A Country of Failure"

"A Country of Failure"

Chapter:
(p.14) 1 "A Country of Failure"
Source:
Nasser's Blessed Movement
Author(s):

Joel Gordon

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774167782.003.0002

This chapter examines the background to the Free Officers' coup d'etat and the political bickering that followed by focusing on the parliamentary regime in its last years, between January 1950 and July 23, 1952. During this period, reform-minded members of the political establishment clashed with those who continued to play politics as usual. Their failures resulted in the end of liberalism in Egypt. The chapter first provides an overview of how competing interests, both foreign and national, doomed Egypt's parliamentary order from the outset before discussing the election of a Wafdist government in 1950 and its eventual failure. It then analyzes the events that served as a prelude to the Free Officers' rising around which disaffected liberals, progressives, communists, and the Muslim Brotherhood constructed a new savior myth: that a military junta would, after imposing constitutional reform, restore parliamentary life and then return to the barracks.

Keywords:   coup d'etat, politics, liberalism, Egypt, parliamentary order, Wafd, Free Officers, Muslim Brotherhood, military junta, communists

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