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Nasser's Blessed MovementEgypt's Free Officers and the July RevolutionWith a New Introduction$
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Joel Gordon

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167782

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167782.001.0001

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Rewriting the Revolution

Rewriting the Revolution

Chapter:
(p.3) Prologue Rewriting the Revolution
Source:
Nasser's Blessed Movement
Author(s):

Joel Gordon

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774167782.003.0001

This book examines the formative period of the Egyptian revolution that began on July 23, 1952, when the Free Officers, a group of army officers led by Muhammad Nagib and Gamal Abdel Nasser, staged a coup d'etat that overthrew King Farouk. After forcing King Farouk to abdicate, the Free Officers established a military junta, decreed a land reform program, appointed Nagib as prime minister, and ordered all political parties to apply for recertification. They also abrogated the Constitution and outlawed all political parties, after which they declared a three-year “transition period” of martial law and proclaimed their movement a revolution. The book explores the political dynamics of this transition period by assessing and synthesizing a variety of interpretations of events and how the coup of July 23, undertaken in the name of social and political reform, became the “July Revolution.” It also considers the debate over the legacy of Nasser and the regime he founded in Egypt.

Keywords:   coup d'etat, Egyptian revolution, Free Officers, Muhammad Nagib, Gamal Abdel Nasser, military junta, transition period, martial law, July Revolution, Egypt

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