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Christianity and Monasticism in Northern EgyptBeni Suef, Giza, Cairo, and the Nile Delta$
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Gawdat Gabra and Hany N. Takla

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167775

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167775.001.0001

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Highlights from the Polish Excavations at Marea/Philoxenite 2000–14

Highlights from the Polish Excavations at Marea/Philoxenite 2000–14

Chapter:
(p.281) 25 Highlights from the Polish Excavations at Marea/Philoxenite 2000–14
Source:
Christianity and Monasticism in Northern Egypt
Author(s):

Krzysztof Babraj

Daria Tarara

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774167775.003.0025

This chapter focuses on Marea/Philoxenite, the subject of the excavation campaigns by the Polish Mission in Egypt during the period of 2000–14. It documents the history and the architecture of the site settlement. Marea/Philoxenite is located forty-five kilometers southwest of Alexandria, on the southern shore of Lake Maryut. The city was a major port, active during the Roman and Byzantine periods, and perhaps even earlier, during the Ptolemaic era. During fifteen seasons of excavations, the Polish Archaeological Mission has revealed two independent architectural complexes: a bath complex supported by a saqya and a funerary chapel, and a Christian basilica. Both complexes were active from the beginning of the sixth to the beginning of the eighth centuries.

Keywords:   excavations, artifacts, Marea, Philoxenite, Christianity, monasticism

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