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Christianity and Monasticism in Northern EgyptBeni Suef, Giza, Cairo, and the Nile Delta$
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Gawdat Gabra and Hany N. Takla

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167775

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167775.001.0001

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Remnants of a Byzantine Church at Athribis

Remnants of a Byzantine Church at Athribis

(p.239) 22 Remnants of a Byzantine Church at Athribis
Christianity and Monasticism in Northern Egypt

Tomasz Górecki

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter describes the excavation of a Byzantine church in the old town of Athribis in modern-day Benha, which has yielded artifacts but whose architecture has not yet been revealed. Athribis was a large urban center and the seat of a bishopric probably until the sixteenth century, which suggests that there might have been many churches located there. However, only one particular church, namely the Holy Virgin Mary Church, is known from written sources, which give an idealized description of it. The discovery of good-quality architectural fragments in 1969 and 1979–84, indicates that they must have originated from an important sacral building. Despite the scarcity of evidence, both archaeological and written, the structure was labeled as dedicated to the Holy Virgin.

Keywords:   excavation, Byzantine church, Athribis, Benha, Christianity, monasticism, Holy Virgin Mary Church

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