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Christianity and Monasticism in Northern EgyptBeni Suef, Giza, Cairo, and the Nile Delta$
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Gawdat Gabra and Hany N. Takla

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167775

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167775.001.0001

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Julius of Aqfahs: The Martyrdom of John and Simon

Julius of Aqfahs: The Martyrdom of John and Simon

(p.213) 20 Julius of Aqfahs: The Martyrdom of John and Simon
Christianity and Monasticism in Northern Egypt

Youhanna Nessim Youssef

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter examines a case history of one of the late hagiographic compositions attributed to Julius of Aqfahs, the Martyrdom of John and Simon, documenting the historical shortcomings of this text. John and Simon were two martyrs from Lower Egypt. The Coptic text of their Martyrdom survives in a single manuscript from the Vatican Library, published by Henri Hyvernat with a French translation. The chapter concludes that the Martyrdom of John and Simon cannot be attributed to Julius of Aqfahs, and it is certain that it is based on a late redaction inspired by the lives of the recluses of the Middle Ages. This period was the Mamluk era, which was unfavorable for the Copts. An unknown author wanted to provide a model to his fellow Christians; he used a kind of “copy-paste” system to create martyrs who corresponded to the circumstances of his own times.

Keywords:   Julius of Aqfahs, martyrdom, John, Simon, Christianity, monasticism

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