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Christianity and Monasticism in Northern EgyptBeni Suef, Giza, Cairo, and the Nile Delta$
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Gawdat Gabra and Hany N. Takla

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167775

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167775.001.0001

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The Relationship between the Monks of Northern Egypt and the Patriarchs of the Egyptian Church

The Relationship between the Monks of Northern Egypt and the Patriarchs of the Egyptian Church

Chapter:
(p.11) 2 The Relationship between the Monks of Northern Egypt and the Patriarchs of the Egyptian Church
Source:
Christianity and Monasticism in Northern Egypt
Author(s):

David Brakke

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774167775.003.0002

This chapter surveys how bishops Athanasius, Theophilus, and Cyril interacted with the monks of northern Egypt. Although at times Kellia, Nitria, or Scetis are discussed in particular, for the most part the chapter speaks generally of monks resident in the semi-eremitical communities of the north. It is often difficult to determine precisely where the monks that they name were located, and the settlements at Kellia often served as a subset or more withdrawn version of other communities in Nitria. Kellia in particular was most populous in the sixth and seventh centuries, but the discussions focus on the fourth and fifth centuries, when the relationship between the monks and the patriarch was first established. The most significant areas or themes of the interactions between these monks and the patriarchs were proper ascetic practice, appointment to the episcopate, and the promotion of orthodoxy and the suppression of heresy and paganism.

Keywords:   patriarchs, monks, northern Egypt, Alexandria, Christianity, monasticism, bishops, Athanasius, Theophilus, Cyril

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