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Christianity and Monasticism in Northern EgyptBeni Suef, Giza, Cairo, and the Nile Delta$
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Gawdat Gabra and Hany N. Takla

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167775

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167775.001.0001

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The Discovery of the Papyri from Tura at Dayr al-Qusayr (Dayr Arsaniyus) and Its Legacy

The Discovery of the Papyri from Tura at Dayr al-Qusayr (Dayr Arsaniyus) and Its Legacy

Chapter:
(p.119) 12 The Discovery of the Papyri from Tura at Dayr al-Qusayr (Dayr Arsaniyus) and Its Legacy
Source:
Christianity and Monasticism in Northern Egypt
Author(s):

Caroline T. Schroeder

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774167775.003.0012

This chapter examines the significant papyri find in the ancient St. Arsenius monastery in Tura, which yielded a wealth of writings in Greek from one of the most prominent heads of the Theological School of Alexandria, Didymus the Blind. Didymus has rarely received the scholarly attention one would expect for someone with such a high reputation in antiquity and with such a prodigious output of texts to study. His legacy in historiography has been affected by the perception that he is either an unoriginal thinker or a heretic. In both his commentaries and his treatises, Didymus defends Christianity and his definition of orthodoxy in debates with pagan philosophers and “heretics.” However, the ideas he developed in defending Christianity (such as allegorical exegesis) were the very things by which his ideas were judged heresy after his death by the Greek and Roman churches.

Keywords:   St. Arsenius monastery, Tura, Didymus the Blind, Christianity, monasticism, heresy

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