This chapter shows the historical developments from the Fifteenth to the Eighteenth dynasties. Having apparently displaced the previous Palestinian elite (the Fourteenth Dynasty, who had ruled there since soon after the fall of the Twelfth Dynasty), the Hyksos (Fifteenth Dynasty), a group of princes of Palestinian origin, rapidly extended their dominion and ruled there with full pharaonic titles for something over a century. This period marked the beginnings of conflict between the Hyksos and Theban regimes. At the same time, or some time earlier, Egypt's Nubian province became decoupled from the state, and a line of native rulers set up their own kingdom based on the town of Kerma.
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