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ZarSpirit Possession, Music, and Healing Rituals in Egypt$

Hager El Hadidi

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166976

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166976.001.0001

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(p.xi) Note on Transliteration and Translation

(p.xi) Note on Transliteration and Translation

Source:
Zar
Author(s):

Hager El Hadidi

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press

For transliteration, I have followed the system preferred by the AUC Press, which is close to that of the International Journal of Middle East Studies. Familiar English spellings are preferred for proper names such as Cairo, Sohag, Akhmim, and Umm Ashour. The symbols for ‘ayn (‘) and hamza (’) have been used; diacritical marks have been omitted. For example, the letter ‘h’ is used for the Arabic ha’ (ح‎), in words such as hadra (حضرة‎), reeh (ريح‎), zar al-bahr (زار البحر‎) , or the proper nouns Samah (سماح‎) or Sabah (صباح‎). No distinction is made between this ha’ and the ha (ه‎), pronounced the same as the English ‘h’ (as in the word ‘honey’). Most of the Arabic words are in ‘ammiya, the spoken Arabic of Cairo, unless I was using other authors’ input.

Translation of quotations into English are my own unless otherwise indicated. (p.xii)