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Christianity and Monasticism in Middle Egypt$
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Gawdat Gabra and Hany Takla

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166631

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166631.001.0001

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Architectural Typology of Historic Coptic Churches from Oxyrhynchos to Dayr al-Ganadla

Architectural Typology of Historic Coptic Churches from Oxyrhynchos to Dayr al-Ganadla

Chapter:
(p.321) 28 Architectural Typology of Historic Coptic Churches from Oxyrhynchos to Dayr al-Ganadla
Source:
Christianity and Monasticism in Middle Egypt
Author(s):

Sami Sabri Shaker

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774166631.003.0028

This chapter seeks to correct the common notion that the architectural design of the typical Coptic Orthodox church either has a cruciform plan or is in the form of Noah's Ark, which reflects a lack of awareness and lack of study of the rich and diverse Coptic architectural heritage throughout the ages. It focuses on the categorization of the historic churches of Middle Egypt, in the region from Oxyrhynchos to Dayr al-Ganadla. This categorization is based on the nave's formation and the roofing system, excluding cave and rock-cut churches. Basic architectural elements and one or more distinctive examples of each type are illustrated.

Keywords:   Coptic Orthodox church, architectural design, historic churches, Middle Egypt, nave, cruciform plan, Noah's Ark

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