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Understanding Islamic FundamentalismThe Theological and Ideological Basis of al-Qa'ida's Political Tactics$
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Sayed Khatab

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9789774164996

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774164996.001.0001

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The Origins of Fundamentalism

The Origins of Fundamentalism

Chapter:
(p.27) 2 The Origins of Fundamentalism
Source:
Understanding Islamic Fundamentalism
Author(s):

Sayed Khatab

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774164996.003.0003

This chapter examines four medieval movements to which al-Qa'ida networks are the legatees. The four sections of this chapter focus on Kharijism, 'Ibadism, Hanbalism, and Wahhabism. Kharijism is the ideology of the Kharijis (al-Khawarij), the first rebel group to take the law into its own hands and change the government by force in the early decades of Islam. 'Ibadism (al-'Ibadiya) is the ideology of a Khariji offshoot, which survives to this day. Hanbalism refers to the Islamic school of law that was named after its founder, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, and represents another trend within Sunni Islam. The last section concentrates on the ideology of Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab, from whose name the term ‘Wahhabism’ derives. It investigates this ideology within the Ottoman-Turkish and Arab-Islamic contexts. The link between Wahhabism and both earlier and later movements, including al-Qa'ida, is also outlined. Overall, these sections link medieval to modern movements, including al-Qa'ida, and highlight the similarities and differences between them.

Keywords:   Islamic fundamentalism, Qa'ida, Kharijism, 'Ibadism, Hanbalism, Wahhabism

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