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Christianity and Monasticism in Upper EgyptVolume 2 Nag Hammadi–Esna$
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Gawdat Gabra and Hany N. Takla

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9789774163111

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774163111.001.0001

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Coptic Textual Finds from the Macquarie University Excavations at Dra Abu Al-naga (TT233)

Coptic Textual Finds from the Macquarie University Excavations at Dra Abu Al-naga (TT233)

(p.7) 2. Coptic Textual Finds from the Macquarie University Excavations at Dra Abu Al-naga (TT233)
Christianity and Monasticism in Upper Egypt

Gawdat Gabra

Hany N. Takla

American University in Cairo Press

In the period of intensive Christian settlement (fifth–eighth centuries), the entire district was home to numerous monastic establishments built mainly in and over the temples and tombs of the pharaonic age, continuing the ancient tradition of their use as holy space. Traces of the existence of Christian cities in the nineteenth and first part of the twentieth century were regularly sacrificed in the search for pharaonic remains of their mud-brick fabric exploited for fertilizer. Impressive remains of monastic ruins could still be seen by travelers in the mid-nineteenth century, but their modern destruction means that their locations are largely unrecorded. Despite widespread destruction, careful excavation and analysis of extant material can still provide useful information, as is shown by recent research.

Keywords:   monastic ruins, pharaonic age, excavation, destruction, Christian settlement

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