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Popular Egyptian CinemaGender, Class, and Nation$
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Viola Shafik

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9789774160530

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774160530.001.0001

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Feminism and Femininity

Feminism and Femininity

Chapter:
(p.119) Chapter 3 Feminism and Femininity
Source:
Popular Egyptian Cinema
Author(s):

Viola Shafik

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774160530.003.0004

The status of women and the issue of gender inequality have been among the most negotiated and controversial of questions relating to modern Arab-Muslim culture. By reviewing and comparing Islamist and modernist discourses, scholars have been able to work out their common undercurrent, often heavily gendered antagonization of East and West, progress and underdevelopment, acculturation and traditionality. Feminism and femininity were first polarized through the idea of female labor. The Nasserist period brought about a distinct, though not really dominant, politically committed cinema that voiced nationalist, socialist, and also feminist interests, in often contradictory ways. Female liberation and the prise de conscience are thus additionally mapped out as part of the nationalist agenda. The French Revolution leaders mobilized women in large numbers to create an “image of a national alliance of comrades in arms, mothers, sisters, and children.”

Keywords:   women status, Arab-Muslim culture, feminism, femininity, female liberation

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