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QuseirAn Ottoman and Napoleonic Fortress on the Red Sea Coast of
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Charles Le Quesne

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9789774160097

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774160097.001.0001

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The Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

The Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

(p.147) 6 The Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Charles Le Quesne

American University in Cairo Press

The next significant phase of construction at Quseir Fort can most easily be dated to the reign of Muhammad 'Ali, ruler of Egypt from 1811 to 1848. The British expedition under General Sir David Baird remained in the town for only a month and does not seem to have left any lasting impression on the fort. It is clear, though, that Muhammad 'Ali recognized the importance of Quseir, at a time when Egyptian influence over the Hejaz and the Holy Cities was still a major element of foreign policy. It is reasonable to assume that a garrison was restored to the fort during this period and possibly beyond. The clearest evidence that changes took place in the fort during this period comes from the standing buildings themselves. Further force is added to this by the obvious stylistic similarities between various elements of the alterations and early nineteenth-century elements of the defenses at the Cairo citadel.

Keywords:   Quseir Fort, Muhammad 'Ali, British expedition, David Baird, Hejaz, Holy Cities, foreign policy, citadel

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