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QuseirAn Ottoman and Napoleonic Fortress on the Red Sea Coast of
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Charles Le Quesne

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9789774160097

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774160097.001.0001

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Napoleonic Occupation (1799–1800)

Napoleonic Occupation (1799–1800)

(p.97) 5 Napoleonic Occupation (1799–1800)

Charles Le Quesne

American University in Cairo Press

The basic form of Quseir Fort as it stands today is largely the result of the Napoleonic occupation of 1799–1800. France upgraded its capabilities as a unit of defensive architecture as General Augustin Daniel Belliard pointed out at the time, to a fortification more or less in the contemporary European style. While the work was still far from completion, however, the British navy took the opportunity to prove Belliard correct by demolishing much of the southeastern portion of the fort. However, in January 1800, a treaty was agreed with representatives of the Ottoman Sultan permitting the evacuation of French forces from the country, including the Quseir garrison. General François-Xavier Donzelot, commander of the French forces in the town, reluctantly departed at the end of February, no doubt frustrated at not being able to finish his work on the fort.

Keywords:   Quseir Fort, Napoleonic occupation, Augustin Daniel Belliard, fortification, treaty, Ottoman Sultan, garrison, François-Xavier Donzelot, France, architecture

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