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QuseirAn Ottoman and Napoleonic Fortress on the Red Sea Coast of
Egypt$
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Charles Le Quesne

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9789774160097

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774160097.001.0001

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Foundation and Early Occupation (1571–late Seventeenth Century)

Foundation and Early Occupation (1571–late Seventeenth Century)

Chapter:
(p.45) 3 Foundation and Early Occupation (1571–late Seventeenth Century)
Source:
Quseir
Author(s):

Charles Le Quesne

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774160097.003.0003

Archaeological evidence for each phase of occupation of Quseir Fort came in two forms: the excavations and examination of the surviving structures. The evidence from each of these sources is set out in this book for each phase of the fort's development. A total of six phases of development were identified on the basis of the structural evidence and excavated evidence: Phase I (foundation, ca. 1571), Phase II (1571-early seventeenth century), Phase III (mid-late seventeenth century), Phase IV (eighteenth century), Phase V (Napoleonic), and Phase VI (nineteenth and twentieth centuries). This chapter covers phases I–III, the foundation and early history of Quseir Fort. The fortifications are very reminiscent of the sixteenth-century defenses of Jedda preserved in a contemporary Portuguese engraving. The fort was intended to accommodate artillery from the period of its construction as specified in the foundation firman.

Keywords:   archaeological evidence, Quseir Fort, excavations, fortifications, Jedda, firman, construction, artillery, structures

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